(Travelling in air conditioned car) tickets included
An essential visit to do during your staying in Luxor. A day to Denderah, possibility to extend to Abydos.
DAY IN DENDERAH
DENDERAH – TEMPLE OF HATHOR
Denderah, located around 60 km north of Luxor, is home to the Temple of Hathor, Horus’s celestial mother, Goddess of Love, Joy and Music, which was built in the Greco-Roman period I century BC.
Fastuous and mysterious, this Temple is so well preserved that it can easlisy take you back in time to feel the magnificent dimension of the sacred rituals that took place here some 2000 years ago.
The entrance ceiling is ornamented with cosmical and astrological representations, where as Nut, who swallows the sun at dusk to birth him back to the world at dawn, spreads out all along the walls.
Many corridors, antichambers, stairs up and down, from the cript (you can visit it!) to the roof are covered with almost intact hieroglyphs, which can take you down to the crypt or to the roof where lies the tomb of Horus and its famous Zodiac wheel on the ceiling, and to the temple of Isis where the godess kept on being born again.
Other sanctuaries are to be found around the main temple; Ptolemaic and roman chapels, a coptic church and the remains of the Sacred Lake (now dry).
It is an extraordinary temple that remained buried in the sand for many centuries before the savant from the Bonaparte expedition started excavations.
ABYDOS – TEMPLE OF OSIRIS
Abydos is located 145km north of Louxor, so 85 km after Denderah.
Abydos originally was the capital of unified Egypt. it is among the major most sacred place of Ancient Egypt, dedicated to cult of Osiris.
Pharaohs from the First Dynasty started to use it as their necropolis around 5000 years ago! The city became a pilgrimage place where everyone wished to have a sanctuary there. Every Ancient Egyptian had in their heart the desire to come at least once in their lifetime or to be buried there, because the legend stated it’s where Osiris’ head, who’ve been killed and dismembered by his enemy brother Seth, is buried.
The building of the temple started with Seti I to finish under the reign of his son Ramses II, who added 1 pylon and 2 halls.
Osiris sanctuary opens a path to another temple dedicated to Osiris, Isis and Horus, where a small secret room at the end symbolises the secrets mysteries of Abydos and the rite of resurrection.
Seti I’s cenotaphe shows the Pharaoh’ spiritual tumb.
Ramesses II’s temple is 300 after, it is a pure jewel of the New Kingdom’s art, with an atypic “L”shape architecture, supported by 8 meters high paypyrus-shaped columns with inner walls covered by the nicest bas-relief of Egypt.
Enjoy Luxor at your own pace, personnalise your holiday to spend the time you need in this wonderful city, to seeall the wonders it has to offer, staying on the West Bank, peaceful local life close to most Ancient Egypt major sites.
Have the wisdom to abandon the values of a time that has passed and pick out the constituents of the future. An environment must be suited to the age and men to their environment — Proverb from the Ancient Egyptian Temples